To maintain a dental hygiene, it is first important to understand the oral structure of a person’s mouth. The oral structure of mouth is also known as the oral cavity. Best dentist in Delhi explains the oral cavity, “our mouth is the hollow cavity through which the food and air enter into our body.” A mouth consists a set of organs like teeth, gums, hard and soft palate, tonsils, tongue, uvula, and lips that work together in the ingestion and digestion of food and air. Let’s understand some of these parts.
Teeth – There are 32 teeth in our mouth each is termed differently and have different characteristics.
· Molars – molar teeth are a set of three or four blunt cusps that are used to chew and grind the food. They are situated at the end of teeth set. They generally have two or three roots, two in the lower-jaw line and three in the upper-jaw line.
· Pre-molars – Pre-molar teeth have two cusps and these are also used while chewing and grinding the food. These are situated between the cuspids and the molars.
· Cuspids – These have a sole pointed surface called as cusp that adjusts the tearing and shredding of the food.
· Incisors – Incisor teeth are the front teeth that mark the appearance of the person and also used for biting the food.
Gums – The roots of the teeth are covered by thick rubbery connective tissue fixing the set of the teeth to the proper jaw bone and keeping them in a place and performing as a shock-absorber cushion to safeguard the teeth during active crunching actions.
Hard and soft palate – Best dentist in Delhi contribute in understanding the soft and hard palate of the mouth. The hard palate is extended over the top of the mouth and the hard structure of the palate is made up of maxillae and palatine bones. Whereas, the soft palate is situated next to the hard palate and mainly consist of muscle tissue.
Tongue – We can taste the food only with the help of tongue because it is supported by a number of taste buds each consisting of mainly three types of epithelial cells – gustatory cell, supporting cell, and basal cell.